Turkmenistan lies in Central Asia, surrounded by the Caspian Sea and mainly covered by the desert of Karakum. The famous tourist has archaeological and eye-popping architecture. Here are Ten 10 things Turkmenistan is famous for. The capital and the largest city in Turkmenistan, Ashgabat is situated in the middle of the Kopet Dag mountain range and the Kara Kum desert. The city houses one of the biggest mosques, Kipchak mosque also called the ‘TurkmenbashiRuhy Mosque’ in Central Asia. Click the next ARROW to see the next photo!